A group of high-profile technology vendors have formalized plans to promote Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) as a global standard after a meeting at IBM Corp. last week, an IBM executive said Tuesday.
The companies, which met at an event hosted by IBM and Sun Microsystems Inc., plan to form subcommittees within the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) Web standards consortium. The first subcommittee could come together in the next several weeks, to address any technical issues that could preclude OpenDocument's use as a global standard, said Bob Sutor, vice president of standards and open source for IBM.
The OASIS subcommittee the group plans to form first is one that addresses making OpenDocument more suitable for applications that provide accessibility to computer software for disabled citizens, he said.
The group also is eyeing plans to put together a formal industry coalition to promote the use of OpenDocument, he said.
The meeting last Friday was attended by executives from IBM and Sun, as well as representatives from some of the technology industry's biggest names, such as Apple Computer Inc., Computer Associates International Inc., Intel Corp., Google Inc., Red Hat Inc., Corel Corp., Oracle Corp., Adobe Systems Inc., OpenOffice.org and Nokia Corp., Sutor said.
Lawmakers in Massachusetts have raised concerns over OpenDocument's possible lack of compatibility with computer programs that provide disabled citizens with access to state documents as a stumbling block to a plan there to migrate all government agency documents to support OpenDocument.
The state's proposal, finalized by Massachusetts Chief Information Officer Peter Quinn last month, calls for migrating government agencies from Microsoft Corp.'s Office productivity suite and others based on proprietary document formats beginning Jan. 1, 2007.
Quinn spoke at the meeting last week to weigh in on the accessibility issue and others surrounding the standard, Sutor said. "Peter felt he could’ve done a better job of talking to the accessibility community," he said. "It’s an extremely valid issue and a global issue."
OpenDocument is a specification for standardizing documents based on an XML (Extensible Markup Language) file format developed within OASIS. It covers the features required by text, spreadsheets, charts and graphical documents.
Microsoft Office and other productivity suites such as Lotus Notes and WordPerfect that Massachusetts government agencies currently use support proprietary document formats. Suites that support OpenDocument include OpenOffice, StarOffice, KOffice and IBM Workplace.
OpenDocument proponents hope that widespread use of the standard, which Microsoft does not yet support, will spur adoption of software that competes with the company's Office productivity suite.
"Is this a competitive move? Absolutely," said Stephen O'Grady, senior analyst with RedMonk LLC who attended Friday's meeting. "The [Office document] format is a control point for Microsoft and has been for years. OpenDocument gives more vendors a chance to participate and compete."
Though the Massachusetts case is certainly important to OpenDocument proponents, Sutor stressed that IBM and Sun called last week's meeting to begin a global effort to promote the standard, not just to support one state's proposal.