IBM's System x servers step toward virtualization
Big Blue takes the xSeries in a new direction with management, functionality upgradesFollow @pvenezia
After many years of venerable service, IBM is retiring the xSeries server line. In fact, IBM is retiring the "Series" nomenclature altogether, rebranding their entire mainstream server line "System x."
Although some might construe this move as a simple marketing ploy, the reasons behind the new name seem to run deeper than that. With the new System x line, IBM is betting the farm on virtualization.
Taking this tack, IBM has made some major changes and introduced new functionality in its IBM Director server management toolset. I had the opportunity to host an IBM System x3550 in the lab, and with only a few reservations, I liked what I saw during testing.
X marks the spot
At first glance, the x3550 resembles the current xSeries 366. It's a 1U, dual-CPU rack-mount server with the standard IBM idiosyncrasies, such as the tiny recessed power switch and rather odd Ethernet cable retention and release mechanism in the rear. Inside, however, it's a different beast altogether.
The x3550 leverages the new crop of Intel virtualization-enhanced chips with VT extensions to bring dual-core dual-CPU performance into a small form factor. Armed with as much as 32GB of PC5300 667MHz RAM, two 3.5-inch SATA or SAS drives or four 2.5-inch SAS drives, integrated hardware RAID, dual Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet ports, two x8 64-bit PCI-E slots, and six USB 2.0 ports, the new x3550 cuts a sharp figure.
The CPU options are also extensive, from Intel Xeon EM64T 5110s at 1.6GHz, 4MB of L2 cache, a 1GHz FSB (front-side bus), and a 65-watt power draw, to the Xeon EM64T 5160 chips at 3.0GHz, 4MB of shared L2 cache, a 1.3GHz FSB, and an 85-watt power draw per CPU.
The x3550's new disk I/O subsystem offers a variety of choices as well. Using standard SATA drives, the x3550 can be run with hardware RAID 0 or 1, and it can support as much as 500GB of raw storage.
You can use either 3.5-inch or 2.5-inch SAS drives, providing 600GB or 293GB of raw storage, respectively. With as many as 2.5-inch SAS drives in place, the embedded IBM ServeRAID controller will support RAID5 and RAID10 configurations to bolster speed and redundancy of local storage.
All of these changes are aimed straight at the virtualization market. IBM believes that a significant number of its customers are considering implementing virtualized datacenters within the next year and has built the x3550 with that in mind.
I had several days to work with an x3550 armed with 4GB of DDR667 RAM, two 36GB 2.5-inch SAS drives, and dual 2.66GHz Intel Xeon 5150 CPUs with the 1.3GHz FSB.
Given that the driving force behind this new server was virtualization, testing that was my first order of business. I installed a beta version of VMware ESX Server 3 on a RAID1 mirror across the two SAS drives. After building several VMs and migrating a few onto the x3550, I ran some VM-based tests between the x3550 and a Dell PowerEdge 2800 with dual single-core 3.6GHz EM64T Xeon CPUs. I booted cloned Fedora Core 5 systems on each server as the sole running VM with 512MB of RAM each and ran some simple Apache Web serving benchmarks against each VM.