Bernstein: In the last 15 years, there's much less basic research being supported by the government. Much of that has to happen in academia. I think the other side of that is what research is intended to accomplish and the value that comes back from that accomplishment. HP was, I thought, being very explicit, saying, "We've got too many little things and not a critical mass. Tell me what the most important opportunities are that you can identify? How are you going to staff them at a level that's at critical mass and is going to make a difference. Where are your big bets? Let's be clear about them and let's resource them to be successful." Sophie and Xerox are absolutely addressing the same kinds of issues.
IDG: You developed a lot of the technology that we are now seeing. What is the future of PCs?
Bernstein: Mobility is where things are headed. I think you are going to see the proliferation of devices for particular purposes. You'll see more generic platforms where the client will be rather thin. As soon as we get to ubiquitous connectivity at a reasonable bandwidth, then you'll see more of a computational horsepower being borne by the network and that there will be a whole array of different applications -- hopefully, not just Microsoft applications -- that we will have access to. The notion of computation generally is it's going to be less focused activity and more how we live, the computation would recede into the fabric of our lives and help us work and play. That hasn't happened, but I think that is what is going to play out as the network gets smarter and is able to help us do things that it knows we need to be attending to.