WASHINGTON -- Demand for H-1B visas has accelerated over the last six to eight weeks after being flat for months. This comes as the number of companies planning to increase college hiring is also on the rise. Together, the trends may be early indicators of an improving economy for skilled professionals.
Throughout summer and into September, demand for H-1B visas flatlined at about 45,000 visa petitions. But on Friday, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service released data showing that in two weeks alone it had received 3,300 H-1B petitions, continuing a spike that began in October that has increased the number of visas petitions to 58,900, approaching the 65,000 cap.
[ Legislation was recently introduced that would bar any firm that lays off 50 or more workers from hiring guest workers. | InfoWorld's Bill Snyder calls H-1B visas "a mess that could get even worse" and argues why the H-1B visa has got to go. ]
A separate H-1B cap of 20,000 for foreign workers who have earned an advanced degree from U.S. universities was reached in October.
If this demand for visas continues, the H-1B cap for the 2010 fiscal year may be met in a matter of days to early next year, according to estimates from a number of immigration attorneys.
An improving economic outlook and confidence in hiring may be driving this increase. The National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE), an organization whose members include large companies of 7,000 employees or more that include tech firms, said that in its member survey for November that 28 percent of respondents planned to increase college hiring, compared with 17 percent in August.
"College hiring has started to look better, much better than it did," said Ed Koc, who heads research at association. He said that anywhere from one-third to half of students in graduate programs are foreign nationals.
Koc also points out that the unemployment rate for college graduates holding bachelor's degrees in October was 4.7 percent, down from 4.9 percent in September, according to U.S. labor data.
Sarah Hawk, who heads the immigration practice at Fisher & Phillips LLP in Atlanta, said she see a clear correlation between H-1B petition increases and student hiring. Companies that have workers on student visas are applying for H-1B visas in anticipation of improved budgets.
But Hawk and other immigration attorneys say the H-1B demand is now broader, and includes many occupations outside of IT.
Vic Goel, of Goel & Anderson in Reston, Va., said he has seen an increase in H-1B visa petitions in the last six to eight weeks, but also "a significant overall decline in the number of H-1Bs that we are filing for pure play IT positions." But he said, "I have seen slight increases in cases for school teachers, engineers, management analysts, product development roles [and other positions.]"
Brian Graham, of Strasburger & Price in Dallas, said the increase in demand started in October. He is seeing "more interest in new hiring all across the board in different industries," including high-tech, nursing, and, in particulr, gaming development such as for multi-player games.