The latest government labor report shows lower-than-expected job growth in the United States last month, along with a rising unemployment rate, and experts say that IT workers were not immune from that trend.
TechServe Alliance, an IT industry group based in Alexandria, Va., said that its analysis of the U.S. Department of Labor report released on Friday found that IT employment increased by only 600 jobs in November on a base of 3.9 million jobs. Overall, U.S. employers added 39,000 jobs last month, according to the Department of Labor.
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TechServe, which which conducts its own monthly analysis of government labor data, said IT employment has increased by 2.5 percent so far this year.
Why the anemic jobs growth in IT? The Hackett Group, a business advisory and consulting firm based in Miami, places at least some of the blame on offshore outsourcing, which it calls a contributor to a "jobless recovery."
Using data from its own clients and other sources, Hackett examined IT hiring trends among U.S. and European public companies with annual revenue of $1 billion or more, and concluded that by 2014, there will only be 2 million back-office IT jobs in the United States and Europe, down from 4 million today.
The Hackett Group defines a back-office job as a position that directly supports corporate IT by running data centers and business information systems. Commercial technology product developers, consultants, and the like are not included in the IT workforce subset.
Michel Janssen, Hackett Group's chief research officer, called the projected reduction in IT staff employment "the new reality. It's not good if you are an employee looking for a job, but [offshoring] is what is required for survival" by many companies, said Janssen.
"If you are not competitive on a global landscape and your cost structure is too high and you are paying premium rates for your staff, then you're not going to survive," he added.
Offshoring is so pronounced that companies "have taken that whole bottom level off the rung," said Janssen, referring to the lower-level IT positions. He added that by doing so, though, companies are creating a new problem by losing much of their pool of future senior IT managers.
The biggest jump in job losses came in 2009, with a net loss of 311,000 IT back-office jobs in the United States and Europe, according to Hackett Group figures.
Companies shift jobs offshore to save anywhere from 30 to 70 percent worker costs within a brief period, sometimes as quickly as a quarter, said Janssen. Companies get the most savings by shifting entry-level positions offshore, he added.