New Delhi-based NIIT Technologies offered the 10 percent of its employees affected by non-functioning metro buses company-provided transport to and from work during the outage, says Deepak Khosla, NIIT's global head of sales and marketing.
The fact that Indian IT service providers have diversified their operations geographically helps them to manage the risk of outages in a particular location, says Lepeak. "Localized issues can be mitigated with out-of-region or out-of-area support," says ISG's Young. "[But] widespread problems make that more impractical."
The outages have highlighted the importance of further investment in India's power grid and India's dependence on imported coal and oil, says Hall of ISG. But the infrastructure risk due to power failure will remain an issue for the foreseeable future, according to Alan Hanson, senior vice president of Neo Group.
"There are some cities in India where power is in short supply on a forward basis-not as a result of these events-[and] that may factor into operations planning," says Hanson. Frequent power cuts cripple daily business operations in Hyderabad, for example, and commercial power charges continue to increase facility costs, according to Neo Group's quarterly Global Supply Risk Monitor Report.
China faces similar power shortages. The country will have a power shortfall of 30 to 40 million kilowatts this year, according to the China Electricity Council (CEC), which will be reflected in regional, temporal and seasonal failures. Meanwhile, the CEC predicts a sharp drop in thermal power investment due to the low margins of thermal power projects and China's efforts to lower carbon emissions. The drastic drop in power supply is the primary driver for increase infrastructure risk for those with IT operations in China, according to the Neo Group report.
Back in India, power had been restored as of Wednesday, Aug. 1, with seemingly little impact on IT outsourcing customers. "Over the short term, the impact may be greater on Bollywood shooting schedules [than IT service delivery]," says ISG's Hanson. "But the good news is that it causes buyers to ask the right questions."
3 ways to protect yourself from power failures
Savvy outsourcing customers should take steps to ensure they are protected from power failures, whether outsourcing to Chennai, Charlotte or Changzhou.
1. Vet your provider's plan. Never rely solely on what the vendor says, says Lepeak of KPMG. Do your own due diligence using skilled professionals. Look for failover plans that include a separate power grid, says Hanson of ISG, adding, "always question the feasibility of plans that require resources to, for example, travel and fly to an alternate location and whether that location&mdashif reachable-would be operable." Make site visits&mdashnot just to the main facility, but also any backup operations.
2. Put it in writing. "When push comes to shove, providers will take care of their biggest, highest-value customers and the ones with the most carefully negotiated contracts first," says Slaby of HfS Research. "If you're not one of those, you may feel the sting of disruptions in India's critical infrastructure from halfway around the world."
Push for specific recovery-point and recovery-time objectives, penalties for business continuity failures, an indemnity figure at least 10 times the total contract value and the ability to exit the contract without penalty. "If your provider's operations prove to be brittle in the wake of some large-scale critical infrastructure outage, you may be more interested in finding another provider than getting more service credits from your current one," Slaby says.
3. Test and retest. Make sure there is not only redundancy in the provider's systems, says Hall, but also insist on quarterly tests of internal power generation capabilities.
Stephanie Overby is a regular contributor to CIO.com's IT Outsourcing section. Follow everything from CIO.com on Twitter @CIOonline, on Facebook, and on Google +.
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