In its bid to protect the city from one computer security risk, the San Francisco District Attorney's Office may very well have created another.
The office of San Francisco District Attorney Kamala Harris has made public close to 150 usernames and passwords used by various departments to connect to the city's virtual private network. The passwords were filed this week as Exhibit A in a court document arguing against a reduction in $5 million bail in the case of Terry Childs, who is accused of holding the city's network hostage by refusing to give up administrative networking passwords. Childs was arrested July 12 on charges of computer tampering and is being held in the county jail.
[ InfoWorld's Paul Venezia has been getting the inside scoop on the SF admin saga and has corrected media falsehoods on his Deep End blog ]
Though they placed the passwords in the public record, city prosecutors do seem to think that they are sensitive.
The passwords, discovered on Childs' computer, pose an "imminent threat" to the city's computer network, according to the court filing. Childs could use the names and passwords to "impersonate any of the legitimate users in the City by using their password to gain access to the system," the motion against the bail reduction states.
Although the DA's office did not say what the passwords were used for, a source familiar with the situation said that they are for logging into the city's VPN, and that this type of information is something that a network administrator like Childs would be expected to have.
Posting these passwords in public creates a security risk, although the passwords are not enough to give a criminal access to the city's VPN. The passwords are so-called "phase one" passwords, and must be combined with a second password to access the network, the source said.
The passwords are used by city workers accessing the network from home computers or via laptops while they are outside of city offices. The passwords are for many city departments including the police department, the mayor's office, and the Department of Telecommunications and Information Services (DTIS), where Childs worked.
The city should be "moving very aggressively" to change the passwords as quickly as it can, said Robert Grapes, chief technologist of data center solutions for Cloakware, a vendor of password management software.
Erica Derryck, a spokeswoman for the DA's office, declined to comment on the matter. The mayor's office, which supervises DTIS, did not return messages seeking comment for this story
To change the passwords, the city will have to reconfigure the VPN software running on every PC that connects remotely, which it has not yet done, the source said.
Some of the passwords would benefit from a change because they are identical to the VPN log-in name or extremely easy to guess.
Childs' case has been a top news story in San Francisco for nearly two weeks now.