With voting in Pennsylvania's presidential primary just a month away, the state was forced to pull the plug on a voter registration Web site Tuesday after it was found to be exposing sensitive data about voters in the state.
The problem lay in an online voter registration application form that was designed to simplify the task of registering to vote. State residents used it to enter their information on the Web site, which then generated a printable form that could be mailed to state election officials. Pennsylvania's Department of State disabled the registration form late Tuesday after being informed of the vulnerability by IDG News Service.
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Because of a Web programming error, the Web site was allowing anyone on the Internet to view the forms, which contained data such as the voter's name, date of birth, driver's license number, and political party affiliation. On some forms, the last four digits of Social Security numbers could also be seen.
"Upon learning of this situation, the Department of State acted immediately to disable the specific page," said Department of State spokeswoman Leslie Amoros in an e-mail message.
"The Department is reviewing the facts to determine how this information became available," she said. "We are also taking all necessary steps to correct the situation and are implementing processes aimed to prevent future occurrences."
The flaw was first reported by a reader of Digg.com, who stumbled upon the bug after filling out a voter registration form.
"Being a security conscious programmer, I decided to test," wrote the reader, identified only as mtg169, "Very bad PA...very very bad!"
The bug did not expose all registration data, just the information supplied by those who used the Web site's online form. About 30,000 voter registration records appeared to be available on the site.
"That's bad, really bad," said Jeremiah Grossman, chief technology officer with Web security vendor WhiteHat Security. In an e-mail, he said he hadn't seen this type of error on a voter registration Web site before, but that it was caused by a common Web programming error. "We've seen a great many vulnerabilities like this in the course of doing our work."
Many counties offer online access to voter registration data so that residents can check on their status, but these databases typically remove data that could be misused, such as date of birth, Social Security numbers, and driver's license numbers.
The last four digits of a Social Security number are often used as a security question, required to access certain types of billing accounts, and a skilled identity thief could use a driver's license number, name, and address in a check forging scheme, according to privacy experts.