Microsoft issued a critical patch for two vulnerabilities in the core graphics subsystem of Windows, one of eight fixes released Tuesday as part of its monthly security updates.
Microsoft released a total of five critical patches in its April security bulletin. Two of them fix bugs in Windows, two fix bugs in Windows and IE (Internet Explorer), and one fixes a vulnerability in Microsoft Office. The critical rating means an attacker could potentially exploit the flaws to hack into a victim's computer.
The other patches fix vulnerabilities in Windows and Office and were rated "important." Microsoft releases patches on the second Tuesday of every month, which has become known in the industry as "Patch Tuesday."
MS08-021 fixes two vulnerabilities in Windows' GDI (graphics device interface), one of three core Windows subsystems, that could allow a hacker to take over someone's computer if a user opens certain kinds of image files, according to Microsoft.
Eric Schultze, chief technology officer of security and patch-management company Shavlik Technologies, said the GDI patch is the most important because it fixes vulnerabilities that could create "a trifecta of problems" across all versions of Windows, from Windows 2000 to the latest Windows Server 2008 release. "If you visit an evil Web site, read an evil e-mail or open an evil document, you can get hacked," he said.
Schultze said the GDI issue has come up twice before, "dating back to January 2006," which means that this is Microsoft's third attempt at fixing the problems. "Hackers have come up with different variants" to attack the same vulnerabilities, he said.
MS08-022 patches a vulnerability in VBScript and JScript scripting engines in Windows that originally was supposed to be patched in January, but Microsoft pulled the patch at the last minute because it wasn't ready, Schultze said. MS08-24 patches a vulnerability found in all versions of IE.
Amol Sarwate, manager of the Vulnerability Research Lab at security service provider Qualys, agreed that MS08-021 and MS08-022 are among the top three most important patches, but considers critical patch MS08-023 more important than MS08-022. MS08-023 fixes an ActiveX vulnerability that affects both Windows and Internet Explorer.
In Sarwate's opinion, MS08-021, MS08-022 and MS08-023 are especially important for users because they affect all versions of Windows, even if no other software is installed on the machine.
He also noted that because five of the eight patches affect both early client and server versions of Windows through the most current Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 OSes, hackers are taking advantage of Microsoft's reuse of code throughout different versions of the OS.
The fifth critical patch, MS08-018 , affects Microsoft Office, fixing a vulnerability that can be exploited when a user opens an Office Project file.