There's been "wrongdoing at every stage" of the third-party billing market, Blumenthal said, including carriers, billing aggregators and companies providing content such as horoscopes or celebrity gossip.
The committee report suggested carriers have been slow to react to cramming.
"The wireless industry was on notice at least as early as 2008 about significant wireless cramming concerns and problems with third-party vendor marketing tactics, yet carriers' anti-cramming policies and sometimes lax oversight left wide gaps in consumer protection," the committee report said.
In some cases, carriers allowed third-party vendors to continue billing consumers even when more than 50 percent of vendor revenues were refunded because of customer complaints, the report said.
The committee's report and hearing came just weeks after the U.S. Federal Trade Commission filed a complaint against T-Mobile USA accusing the carrier of making millions of dollars on third-party billing while ignoring many customer complaints.
T-Mobile has disputed the FTC's allegations.
The FTC's action against T-Mobile is the agency's first against a carrier, although it has filed about 30 complaints related to cramming in the last 15 years.
Grant Gross covers technology and telecom policy in the U.S. government for The IDG News Service. Follow Grant on Twitter at GrantGross. Grant's email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.