Microsoft will deemphasize the Windows desktop in future releases of its operating system as usage of traditional Windows applications falls to just 10 percent of users' time by 2020, analysts said this week.
A quartet of Gartner analysts, led by Michael Silver, released a report that spelled out the market research firm's prediction for what it described as a Microsoft-initiated "technology shift," the first in nearly two decades.
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"Sometimes a new version of Windows represents more than a major upgrade," said Silver in the report "Windows 8 Changes Windows as We Know It." "We call these 'technology shifts.' We don't see technology shifts too often."
In fact, for Gartner's money the only other example in Microsoft's 37-year history was the shift from DOS to Windows NT technology that kicked off in 1993 and wrapped up with the 2001 launch of Windows XP. "Windows XP was the first Windows version based on NT technology to be targeted at businesses and consumers, and signaled the end of the DOS technology era," Gartner said.
Likewise, the emergence of WinRT -- the name for the new runtime and programming model linked to the Metro user interface (UI) and its touch-first apps -- is a technology shift, one away from Windows NT, the core of every edition prior to Windows 8, to WinRT and Metro. That shift will probably run much like the one from DOS to Windows NT: A long process (eight years for the first shift to run its course) that for some time features both technologies (the DOS prompt remained key to Windows for years) and a gradual diminishing of the older technology's importance.
"Microsoft is not forcing anyone to eliminate Win32 applications or preventing developers from writing them, but Gartner believes that Win32 and the Windows Desktop will become less strategic over time," said the firm.
Most enterprises that adopt Windows 8 will continue to use Win32 applications and a traditional desktop browser through 2015, said Silver and his colleagues, but by 2020, users will spend less than 10 percent of their time on that platform, and thus on the desktop. By then, the browser and most applications, including what Gartner called "OS-neutral" apps, will run in Metro using the WinRT runtime. That means Microsoft will likely spend little energy from this point forward improving the Windows desktop, the older, WinNT starting point of its technology shift.
"Gartner expects Microsoft to include the Windows Desktop in future releases, but improvements will be relatively minor," the research firm said, comparing future support for the desktop to the longtime inclusion of the DOS command line in Windows.