- Internal e-mail from HP executive in June 2004 after HP defied Intel and launched an AMD product: "Intel has told us that HP's announcement on Opteron [AMD's server chip] has cost them several $B [Billions] and they plan to 'punish' HP for doing this."
- Internal Dell document from February 2003 in which it was assumed that "aggressive" purchases by Dell from Intel's competitors could result in: "[r]etaliatory [rebate] reductions [by Intel that] could be severe and prolonged with impact to all LOBs [lines of business]."
- Internal e-mail from Intel executive in April 2006: "Let's talk more on the phone as it's so difficult for me to write or explain without considering anti-trust issue."
- Internal e-mail from IBM executive in January 2005: "I understand the point about the accounts wanting a full AMD portfolio. The question is, can we afford to accept the wrath of Intel...?"
The European Commission fined Intel €1.06 billion (equivalent to $1.44 billion at the time) in May, after finding it guilty of antitrust violations in the PC processor market. Like Cuomo, the Commission said Intel had paid rebates to system manufacturers in order to shut out competition from rivals.
The FTC's investigation into Intel started in 2008, just a day after the Korea Fair Trade Commission fined Intel approximately $25 million for abusing its dominant position in the PC processor market. The Fair Trade Commission of Japan in 2005 recommended that Intel end the practice of offering funds to PC makers in exchange for a commitment not to use processors from its competitors.
Intel is the world's largest chip maker, with its microprocessors going into more than 80 percent of PCs.