The deal still awaits approval in other jurisdictions, including Russia and China, but approval in the European Union is a big step forward for a deal hailed by some as transformational for the entire software industry, and by others as the killer of one of the most successful open source programs in the world, the MySQL database.
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The Commission said in a statement that the deal poses no threat to competition. "I am now satisfied that competition and innovation will be preserved on all the markets concerned. Oracle's acquisition of Sun has the potential to revitalise important assets and create new and innovative products," Competition Commissioner Neelie Kroes said in the statement.
Last November the Commission, the E.U.'s top antitrust regulator, expressed serious concerns about the planned deal because it would mean that Oracle, the world's largest proprietary database developer, would gain control of MySQL, an open source database division of Sun that has in recent years been stealing market share away from its more expensive rivals: Oracle, IBM, and Microsoft.
However, it swept those concerns aside in December after Oracle promised to safeguard MySQL for five years after the deal goes ahead. Controversially, this pledge was made to vendors, software developers and customers of MySQL, and not to the Commission itself.
Explaining its decision, the Commission said its concerns about MySQL were not as great as it initially suspected. "The investigation showed that although MySQL and Oracle compete in certain parts of the database market, they are not close competitors in others, such as the high-end segment," it said.The investigation also showed that another open source database, PostgreSQL, could be a credible alternative to MySQL and could be expected to replace to some extent the competitive force currently exerted by MySQL on the database market.
It also concluded that MySQL itself could be forked by other open source software developers, and these might also develop in future to exercise "a competitive constraint on Oracle in a sufficient and timely manner".
Approval of the deal was secured by Oracle last month when it made 10 public pledges to MySQL users, developers and customers to support the open source database for the next five years.
Oracle announced its pledges on December 14. The same day, the Commission said it was optimistic it could reach a "satisfactory outcome."