Since I continue to read, see, and hear news stories on the Childs case that depart from reality, I figured I'd put together this handy primer for anyone non-techical who wants to really understand the case. This may or may not apply to many mainstream journalists. I hope it does. Also, please forgive me for the car analogies I'm about to use.
• The "network" as used to describe this case is defined as the hardware used to connect computers to other computers. It is not, and never was, intended to be construed as any form of data, applications, resources, or anything other than the actual hardware.
• Essentially what Childs' did was build a car, give the city the keys to start the engine and drive the car normally, but he locked the hood so nobody else could work on the car.
• At no time since Childs' arrest has the network been unavailable, offline, down, or anything approaching unusable. The caveat to this is the fact that when the DA placed functional VPN usernames and passwords into the public record, all VPN access had to be shut down and reconfigured.
• The passwords that Childs gave to Newsom were to be used to access the hardware comprising the network. They were not his email passwords, passwords to unlock and city databases, or anything of the sort. They were passwords that could be used to log into routers and switches to make changes. Nothing more, nothing less.
• The passwords released by the DA's office were not the passwords they were trying to get from Childs. The passwords they released to the public were for another part of the network entirely, one that provided external access to the network for city employees. In essence, by publishing this list, the city opened the deadbolt on the door to the network, but left the handle locked.
• Modems plugged into routers and switches in various places on a large network are not scandalous, they're common. They're also generally mandatory on large networks. These modems are used to provide instant emergency access to remote locations to reduce or eliminate network downtime.
• Do not confuse a modem with a router. Sadly, these terms are used interchangeably in consumer electronics, but not in this case. The term modem here means an analog phone modem, not a DSL or cable modem (unless specifically noted), and router means a device used to route packets through a network.
• "Sniffers" on a large network are basically mandatory. The fact that Childs' had one is not a surprise, and is not immediate cause for concern. Cisco has manufactured and sold devices designed to be used in core network equipment for just this purpose for many years. Sniffers are put in place to detect intrusions or other problems on the network.