The growing presence of foreign companies in China has increased demand for data centers with operational efficiency matching global standards, according to the study. That could pressure local operators and also create opportunities for new companies looking to establish data centers. Many data centers are in the Shanghai and Beijing areas, but data centers also have been built in Guangzhou, Chengdu and Shenzhen, according to the study.
Qatar, which ranked 10th, was rated as the lowest-risk place in Asia to establish a data center. But a number of companies, including Intel and Advanced Micro Devices, have established data centers in Malaysia in recent years. Malaysia was viewed favorably in the survey for a balance of low energy costs, low inflation rates and ease of doing business, but poor Internet connectivity and political instability remained concerns.