While many U.S. agencies have been using open-source software for years, the new emphasis on tightening budgets will make open-source packages more popular, Peterson predicted. In addition, many agencies will look for increased ways to customize their software using open-source packages, and some agencies will use open-source software to create private, or hybrid, clouds using open source, she said.
Agencies want the ability to "have more control over the software code," Peterson said.
Service-oriented architecture will also be driven by the focus on cloud computing, with a greater emphasis at agencies on what services best fit in the cloud, Peterson said.
Obama's focus on government transparency and accountability will largely drive adoption of geospatial technologies, Peterson said. With government agencies looking for ways to better inform the public, maps seem like a good way to track government projects and spending, she said.
"Geospatial systems are the easiest way for the administration to share that data with you and me," she said.
Input's report on emerging government technologies is based on surveys with federal and IT industry professionals. Nearly half of those surveyed said the five technologies listed in the report will have a major impact their technology environments, despite concerns over security and up-front costs, Input said.