Java, meanwhile, is by far the most prevalent language used by respondents, with 76 percent using it as their primary language. C/C++ was a distant second, showing up as the primary language by just 7 percent, followed by PHP (5 percent) and C (3 percent). In the build and release management space, Maven usage increased from 31 percent last year to 42 percent. "This might be a reflection on better integration with Eclipse and Maven," said Skerrett.
Windows was the primary operating system for developing and deploying software. Microsoft's ubiquitous desktop OS was used by 55 percent of respondents as a development platform, although it did slip from 63 percent last year; Linux was used for development by 32.5 percent of respondents, an increase from 28 percent the previous year. Mac OS X was used as development platform by 12.5 percent of respondents, up from 8.5 percent a year earlier. For deployment, Windows was targeted by 66.5 percent of respondents, followed by Linux at 34.3 percent.
Spring and EJBs (Enterprise JavaBeans) continue to be popular server frameworks, with Equinox and OSGI also increasing. Spring usage, though slipped from about 24 percent to 23 percent, while EJBs rose from about 14 percent last year to 18 percent in 2012. Oracle is waging a campaign to get Spring users to move over to Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE). Apache Tomcat was the overwhelming choice as primary application server, used by about 33 percent of respondents, followed by JBoss with about 8 percent.
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