Two U.S. senators plan to reintroduce legislation that would require employers to make a "good faith" effort to hire U.S. citizens over H-1B visa holders, after failing to win approval for a similar bill two years ago.
The earlier measure was introduced in March 2007 by Sens. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), but it died after being folded into a comprehensive immigration reform bill that was killed without coming up for a vote. The two lawmakers are aiming to introduce the new bill this week, according to a spokeswoman in Grassley's office.
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The widespread layoffs being caused by the economic recession may help Grassley and Durbin this time around. Earlier this year, for instance, Grassley and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) succeeded at getting H-1B hiring restrictions on financial services firms that receive federal bailout money into the massive economic stimulus bill signed into law by President Barack Obama.
On Wednesday, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, which had to award H-1B visas via a lottery system in both 2007 and 2008, will begin accepting visa applications for the federal fiscal year that starts Oct. 1.
And although the weak economy is expected to reduce the number of applications, the prevailing view among immigration attorneys and supporters of efforts to raise the annual visa cap is that more than enough to meet the limit of 65,000 regular visas will again be filed quickly. High demand is expected as well for the 20,000 visas set aside for foreign workers with advanced degrees from U.S. universities.
Among those driving the demand will be foreign graduates who didn't win visas in last year's lottery but were able to continue working in the U.S. on student visas under an extension approved by the Bush administration last April. Foreigners who graduated last spring and are still working on their student visas will also be eligible to apply for H-1B visas.
"This year, we are looking to clear the backlog," said Robert Hoffman, a vice president at Oracle Corp. and co-chair of Compete America, a Washington-based lobbying group that represents IT vendors, universities and other organization that support an increase in the visa cap.
While there is support for raising the H-1B cap in Congress, proponents have been stymied by the lack of progress on the broader immigration-reform issue. Backers of immigration reform in the House and Senate want any H-1B changes to be included as part of a wider overhaul and not treated separately.
Grassley and Durbin may be the two strongest critics of the H-1B program in the Senate. Grassley, for instance, recently called on Microsoft to give U.S. citizens and permanent residents job priority over H-1B holders as it lays off up to 5,000 workers.