Many opponents to the H-1B visa program have claimed in the past that the program is being used by U.S.-based firms to pay workers less than the prevailing wage. The study found that 27 percent of the workers in the study were indeed being paid less than the prevailing wage for a particular job description and location.
Among these the study also found the illegal practice of "benching" where an employer places an H-1B employee into a "nonproductive status without pay or with reduced pay during period of no work."
Other fraudulent activities included 14 percent of the violations which had to do with either a shell business that did not exist or no bona fide job offer.
The study concluded its findings by saying that the USCIS will be making "procedural changes" to amend these violations and that they will be laid out in a future document.