The importance of 'dogfooding' in the cloud

Amazon.com runs entirely on AWS EC2 and Microsoft runs Office365, Skype, and XBox Live on Azure. But Google doesn't run any of its products on GCP. Here's why it matters

The importance of 'dogfooding' in the cloud

Google to OpenStack users: Come on in! 

Credit: Matt Kapko

The term "dogfooding" is used to describe companies using their own products. The idea is that by being a user, the company will find issues with products and improve their overall experience.

Many software products are created out of their founders' need for a better solution than already exists. They will have already used the competition and researched the alternatives, so when they build something new it's to satisfy their own needs. If you don't like your current CRM and you build an alternative, you're going to use your own CRM product to sell it to customers.

Degrees of dogfooding

At some companies, the products are created from internal technology and then a separate, productized version is sold to customers. The underlying technology is the same, but the implementation and deployment are different. You might write a paper on a new approach to systems management, then a third party might implement that paper with an open source project.

With others, the product might be intended for a completely different target audience and never used internally. You might be a massive corporation and one of your products is small business accounting, but you use an enterprise-grade ERP solution to run your business.

The problem is, the further away a company gets from its customers, the more it loses out on the dogfooding effects. It might miss bugs or release sub-optimal workflows. A product platform might be suffering an outage, but if the company's core business doesn't run on it there is less of an incentive to fix problems as its own operations aren't affected. This is especially the case if the product only makes up a tiny part of the company's revenue.

Why is this important for the cloud?

The whole point of the cloud is that the services and infrastructure are run and managed by an expert third party. You trust them to keep the system running, optimize performance, and continually fix issues.

This is important for SaaS but even more important for IaaS because companies rely on IaaS services -- such as compute, databases, networking, and storage -- as critical parts of their infrastructure. One argument for running your own private infrastructure is that at least you have control and own the incentive to ensure it works!

The top three cloud providers -- AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud -- have spun out of companies that have very different core revenue generators. Even now, Amazon, Microsoft, and Google still derive the majority of their revenue from other sources. The contribution from cloud is increasing, but this fact makes dogfooding particularly important for customers' trust and security.

How do the cloud providers stack up?

AWS is the leader in the space and announced that as of late 2010, Amazon.com was running 100% on AWS. It also runs many of its other products, such as Alexa, through AWS and it's clear that AWS is a core part of how Amazon runs its entire business.

Microsoft is also making use of Azure for its key products. Office 365 uses the Azure Directory Service and Xbox Live runs off Azure. Skype is also running its backend on Azure. This has been proven from past Azure outages that also affected key Microsoft services!

Google seems different. It makes many statements that when you're using Google Cloud Platform you're building on top of Google's infrastructure. This is technically correct because you are using Google's data centers and networking. However, no Google products actually run on Google Cloud Platform.

The underlying technology is similar (or the same), but what you are buying when you purchase cloud services from Google Cloud is productized, separated versions of the technologies Google uses internally. While Amazon.com runs on AWS EC2, Google Search is not running off Compute Engine.

This is a key difference, as recent outages have shown. You know that when Azure has a problem and it takes Skype and Xbox live offline, that has a major impact on different Microsoft business units. The same can be said of AWS outages affecting Amazon.com -- there's a big incentive to fix the problem! However, when Google had its recent 12-hour outage that took Snapchat offline, it didn't impact any of Google's real revenue-generating services. Google Cloud Platform likely produces an insignificant amount of revenue compared to Adwords. What would the impact have been if Google Search was down for 12 hours?

Google is undoubtably serious about being a player in the cloud. It has the right people working on the right things, but it's still missing the right incentives from a business perspective.

Alongside impressive customer announcements from the likes of Best Buy and Spotify, Google should be figuring out how to move all of its own products to run on top of Google Cloud Platform. That is the only way it is going to improve its reliability and understand how to build a product for massive scale at an enterprise level. Google needs to dogfood its own cloud.

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