After an earthquake rattled the East Coast and now a hurricane is roaring toward land, it's becoming increasingly clear that social networks are a key part of our disaster response.
The American Red Cross reported today that people are more frequently using social networks like Facebook and Twitter, along with mobile devices and online news outlets, to monitor storm tracks, seek help and spread news about their own conditions.
"Social media is becoming an integral part of disaster response," Wendy Harman, director of social strategy for the American Red Cross, said in a written statement. "During the record-breaking 2011 spring storm season, people across America alerted the Red Cross to their needs via Facebook. We also used Twitter to connect to thousands of people seeking comfort and safety information to help get them through the darkest hours of the storms."
Just this week, social sites instantly lit up with activity as an earthquake shook the East Coast from Georgia to Maine. Before information about the quake hit even online news sites, people were reporting the tremors on Twitter and posting updates on Facebook.
People also were quick to take to Facebook and Twitter after the 8.9-magnitude earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan this past March. For instance, Online Social Media, a company that tracks social networks, reported that an hour after the quake hit Japan, Twitter users were posting 1,200 tweets every minute.
And people dealing with the wreckage left behind by a series of tornadoes in the U.S. South this spring turned to Facebook to help victims find things they'd lost in the storms.
In a Red Cross survey of 2,047 people conducted both online and over the telephone, 80% of the general population and 69% of those surveyed online said national emergency response organizations should regularly monitor social networks to respond promptly.
And those first-responders better be listening because 39% of online users said they would expect help to arrive in less than an hour after posting a plea for help online.
The Red Cross also noted that a third of online users said they would use social sites to let loved ones know they are safe.
Sharon Gaudin covers the Internet and Web 2.0, emerging technologies, and desktop and laptop chips for Computerworld. Follow Sharon on Twitter at @sgaudin, on Google+ or subscribe to Sharon's RSS feed. Her email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
This story, "As Hurricane Irene nears, Americans turn to social networks" was originally published by Computerworld.