Demonstrating continued momentum for Apple's iOS platform for mobile devices, the Objective-C language for building iOS applications bested other languages when it came to growth in popularity last year, according to monthly assessment of languages.
Market share for Objective-C for this month is nearly 6.92 percent; it had been slightly more than 3 percent in January 2011, according to the Tiobe Programming Community index for January, which was released over the weekend. "The major cause of this is the continuing success of the iPhone and the iPad, which both are mainly implemented in Objective-C," Tiobe said in its bulletin. Objective-C was given Tiobe's programming language award for 2011, determined by the language gaining the most market share for the year. The language had been a close runner-up for two years.
Perl, which saw a 0.08 percent drop in 2011, is being superseded by newer scripting languages like Python and Ruby, Jansen said. PHP appears too slow and insecure for larger websites, said Jansen. He described the drop for Python as surprising.
While Tiobe doubts a new language will hit the top 10 in 2012, it cites possible candidates, including F#, Groovy, and R. "For instance, the R language entered the top 20 this month for the first time. This language for statisticians is becoming the major programming language in its field," Tiobe said.
Tiobe's index is based on an assessment of the number of skilled engineers worldwide, courses, and third-party vendors pertaining to particular languages, with popular websites like Google, Bing, Yahoo, Wikipedia, and Amazon used to calculate the ratings.
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